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Al Muraba’a Fort

Al Murabba Fort lies in the city of Al Ain, in the emirate of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.

History of Al Muraba’a Fort

The twin cities of Al Ain in the United Arab Emirates and Al Buraimi in Oman were initially part of a network of oases nestled within an approximately 24 km² area, situated north of Jebel Hafeet mountain. Originally recognized as Al Buraimi Oasis, this region witnessed significant fortification efforts in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, aimed at bolstering Abu Dhabi’s authority over the western oases and safeguarding settlements from marauding bandits.

In 1952, Saudi Arabia launched a raid to seize the forts of Abu Dhabi and annex the oasis into its kingdom. In response, the Trucial Oman Scouts, along with forces from Muscat-Oman, intervened to reclaim the oasis. British intervention ultimately led to the surrender of the Saudi forces.

Following the independence of the United Arab Emirates in 1971, Abu Dhabi and Oman delineated final borders, resulting in the division of the oases. The Abu Dhabi portion was designated as Al Ain, while the Omani segment became known as Al Buraimi. Subsequently, Al Ain experienced rapid expansion, evolving into a bustling city, while Al Buraimi retained a quieter, more subdued ambiance, resembling a small town.

Al Murabba Fort, constructed in 1948 by Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nayhan, initially consisted of a rectangular tower without defensive walls. Initially serving as a watchtower and accommodation for guards, it later accommodated local administrative functions. In the 1950s, it was repurposed as a police post, earning the local moniker Murabbat Zayed. By the late 1960s, the fort underwent expansion, with the addition of defensive walls enclosing a sizable rectangular courtyard.

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