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Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is the capital and second-most populous city of the United Arab Emirates, after Dubai. It is also the capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and the centre of the Abu Dhabi Metropolitan Area.

History of Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is a place of iconic architecture, sprawling mega-malls, rolling golf greens, sandy beaches, 5-star international hotels and a rich mix of nationalities and cultures. It is a 21st-century city. Yet, if you turn back the pages of time, you quickly see that not so long ago, it was a very different place

Archaeological finds suggest a long history of human settlement in the region. In fact, there is evidence that people have lived there for over 100,000 years. It is thought that in 1761, the Bani Yas tribe discovered drinking water on a remote island – now known as Abu Dhabi – fished and dived for pearls.

The ruling Al Nahyan family descends from the Bani Yas tribe. They originally lived in the Liwa oasis and settled in Abu Dhabi in 1793 where they lived in Qasr Al Hosn for almost two centuries.

The region has experienced centuries of change in terms of industry and influence, and in recent years oil and gas brought prosperity. It was in 1958 that the first oil find was discovered under an old pearling bed in the Gulf and the first cargo of crude oil was exported from Abu Dhabi in 1962.

Four years later, the late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was appointed as ruler of Abu Dhabi and became the driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates in 1971. It is through his wisdom, as an enlightened ruler, a proud nation, and strong economy have been established.

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