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Qal’at Al Bahrain

The Qal’at al-Bahrain, also known as the Bahrain Fort or Portuguese Fort, is an archaeological site located in Bahrain.

History of Qal’at Al Bahrain

Qal’at al-Bahrain – the Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun, stands as a testament to Bahrain’s rich archaeological heritage. This site, once a bustling port and later repurposed as a Portuguese fort, has been the focus of extensive excavations since 1954.

Unearthed from the depths of an artificial mound standing 12 meters tall, Qal’at al-Bahrain reveals a complex history spanning over 5,000 years. Its seven stratified layers bear witness to the diverse civilizations that once called this place home, from the ancient Kassites and Greeks to the Portuguese and Persians of more recent times.

Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005, Qal’at al-Bahrain provides invaluable insights into Bahrain’s past, offering a window into the Copper and Bronze Ages. From its origins around 2300 BC to the 18th century, this site has been a focal point of human activity, serving as the capital of the illustrious Dilmun civilization.

The archaeological discoveries unearthed within the fort shed light on Bahrain’s ancient past and its pivotal role as a center of trade and culture. The remnants of the first Bahrain Fort, built around three thousand years ago, speak to the enduring legacy of this historic site, while the present fort, dating back to the sixth century AD, stands as a testament to its resilience through the ages.

Covering an area of 17.5 hectares, Qal’at al-Bahrain is hailed as Bahrain’s most important archaeological site, attracting scholars and archaeologists from around the world. Excavations led by Danish and Bahraini teams have unearthed a wealth of artifacts, including Kassite-era cuneiform tablets and evidence of Hellenistic influences, providing a deeper understanding of the site’s significance.

As you explore the ancient ruins of Qal’at al-Bahrain, you’ll embark on a journey through time, unraveling the mysteries of Bahrain’s past and witnessing the layers of history that have shaped this remarkable site. Welcome to Qal’at al-Bahrain – where the echoes of the past reverberate with stories of civilizations long gone.

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