The islands were first surveyed in 1820, when they were called the Warden’s Islands, and two villages were recorded.
Hawar is an archipelago comprising six major and over thirty smaller islands of various sizes, with a total land area of just over 50sq. km. The islands lie approximately 26 km southeast of mainland Bahrain, close to the qatar peninsula.
The Islands are Bahrain’s last remaining true wilderness untouched and highly vulnerable they possess a unique natural beauty, a national yet irreplaceable value. Despite the small size of these islands, they carry a lot of attractions for all nature lovers and wildlife adventurers. The migratory waders, the multicoloured coral reefs, the wandering herds of endangered sea cows, peacefully swimming through the shallow calm green waters amoung flourishing sea grass beds represents some fascinating scenes of the islands natural attractions.
The Hawar Islands are an archipelago of desert islands; all but one are owned by Bahrain, while the southern, small, and uninhabited Jinan Island is administered by Qatar as part of its Al-Shahaniya municipality. The archipelago is situated off the west coast of Qatar in the Gulf of Bahrain of the Persian Gulf.
Summer in Bahrain is unpleasant, as high temperatures frequently coincide with high humidity. Midday temperatures from May to October exceed 90 °F (32 °C), often reaching 95 °F (35 °C) or higher; summer nights are sultry and humid. Winters are cooler and more pleasant, with mean temperatures from December to March dipping to 70 °F (21 °C). Rainfall is confined to the winter months and averages only 3 inches (75 mm) per year, but this may vary from almost nothing to double that amount. On average, rain falls only about 10 days a year. Sunshine is abundant year-round. The predominant wind is the damp, northwesterly shamāl; the qaws, a hot, dry south wind, is less frequent and brings sand, dust, and low humidity.